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  • Results 1 to 9 of 9
    1. #1
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      Nov 20, 2005

      The mountainous areas embracing the Himalayan, Karakorum and Hindukush Ranges are rich in fauna and flora, as compared to other parts of the country. These areas provide an excellent habitat for wildlife in the form of alpine grazing lands, sub-alpine scrub and temperate forests. These habitats support a variety of wild animals. The areas are difficult for human beings to access, hence, most wildlife is present in reasonable numbers though some are endangered for other reasons. Some of the main wildlife species are the tiger, asian elephant, greater-one horned rhino(restricted to lalsuhanra national park), sloth bear(nearly extinct), snow leopard (National Predator of Pakistan), the Peregrine Falcon or "Duck Hawk", (Falco peregrinus), (State military bird) the black bear and the brown bears, otter, wolf, lynx, Himalayan ibex, Markhor (National animal), bharal, Marco Polo's sheep, shapu, musk deer, marmots, tragopan and monal pheasants. The snow partridge and snowcock reside at higher elevations. The Rhesus monkey, common langur, red fox, black bear, common leopard, a variety of cats, musk deer (over a limited area), goral, several species of flying squirrels, Chukar (National bird), partridge and pheasants (koklass, kaleej and cheer) live in the lower elevations. Amongst these the snow leopard, musk deer, Marco Polo's sheep, and the brown bear are endangered. The Tibetan wild ass and the blue sheep populations have been reduced drastically. The cheer pheasant is reported to be extinct from within Pakistan's boundaries, and is included in the IUCN Red Data Book. The western horned tragopan was reported to have disappeared from within Pakistani territory, but has now been relocated to Indus Kohistan, although its numbers are low. The Himalayan foothills and the Potohar region, including the Salt Range and Kala Chitta Range, are covered with scrub forests, which have been reduced to scanty growth in most places. Medium-sized animals like the Punjab urial, barking deer, goral, chinkara, partridges (grey and black), seesee and chakor are supported in these habitats. A variety of songbird fauna also occurs in these areas. Sand lizards, monitors, geckos, agamas, diamond snakes, sand snakes, vipers, cobras, kraits and the famous Indian python constitute the other reptilian fauna. About eight species of freshwater turtles are found in Pakistan.Hi

      Diversity of Wildlife in Pakistan.

      Pakistan's coastline of 1,050 km consists of a variety of habitat types, supporting a wide range of animals, of which over 1000 are fish species. Pakistan's marine flora and fauna have not been studied properly. Hence, detailed information on these species is deficient. Along the shores, there are four species of marine turtles: the ridley, green, leather back and hawksbill turtle, which are of high economic importance. Due to loss of habitat and human disturbances, their population is also decreasing.and the most of them have to be the to time to time
      Large bodies of water in the country support a variety of waterfowl both resident and migratory. The extent of wetlands is constantly being changed. On one hand, swamps and marshes are being drained to reclaim land, whereas on the other hand, new dams (large water bodies) have been created for irrigation purposes. Canal irrigation through seepage has also contributed towards increasing the land area under water in the form of water logging. Such areas support a great number of waterfowl by providing them with an excellent habitat. The wetlands are one of the most important wintering areas and "green routes" of Asia. The important waterfowl in Pakistan are the ducks (mallard, pintail, shoveler, pochard, gargeny, Ruddy Shelduck, teals, tufted and gadwall), geese (grey lag, bar-headed), coots, flamingoes, pelicans, spoon bills, storks, ibises, plovers, curlews, sand pipers, snipes, and herons. The marbled teal and white-headed duck have decreased in number and now visit the wetlands infrequently. Among the waterfowl are (resident) gallinules, moorhens and rails, gulls, terns, water cock, grebes, cormorants, egrets, bitterns, and jakanas. The spot-billed lesser whistling teal and the cotton teal are resident ducks. A rich wader fauna visits the coastline during the winter.

      Vast Indus flood plains have been cleared of natural vegetation to grow crops. Very little wildlife habitat has been left untouched. Only animals like the jackal, mongoose, jungle cat, civet cat, scaly anteater, desert cat and the wild hare occur in these areas. Hog deer is found in riverine tracts. The crop residues and wild growth support reasonable populations of black and grey partridges. The coastline is still covered in dense tropical rainforest , plants mainly include mangroves (90%) and bamboo or other(10%).
      Little vegetative cover, severity of climatic conditions and the great thrust of grazing animals on the deserts have left wild animals in a precarious position. Parts of Thall and Cholistan are now being irrigated, with the situation almost identical to that of the flood plains. Chinkara is the only animal, which can still be found in average numbers in Cholistan, but rarely in Thall. The blackbuck, once plentiful in Cholistan has now been eliminated. However, efforts are being made to reintroduce them back into the country. A small number of blue bulls are found along the Pak-Indian border, and some parts of Cholistan. Grey partridge, species of sand grouse and the Indian courser are the main birds of the area. Peafowl occur in some areas in Cholistan.
      The Thar Desert supports a fair population of the Chinkara gazelle. Peacocks are only found in the wild, mainly because of the protection they enjoy in Hindu communities. The wild ass migrates from the Indian part of the Rann of Kutch to the Pakistani part in search of food.
      The Houbara bustard is a regular winter visitor to the desert. Visiting diplomats have hunted and reduced their numbers. The great Indian bustard is occasionally sighted. The imperial sandgrouse is another migrant visiting these areas. Grey partridges are frequently sighted. The python is also threatened with extinction.
      The Sulaiman and Kirthar Ranges present habitats manifesting unique characteristics. The former supports the straight-horned markhor, chinkara and urial, whereas Sindh ibex, urial, chinkara and common leopard occupy the latter. The straight-horned markhor, which is almost extinct from within settled boundaries of Pakistan, occurs in somewhat fair numbers in the Tribal Areas. The chakor, seesee and grey partridge are birds commonly found in the tracts.
      The reed beds and tamarisk bushes along the rivers support hog deer and black partridge populations. However, due to occasional heavy floods their numbers have also been reduced. The Indus Dolphin (National marine Mammal of Pakistan), fishing cat, and smooth otter are found in the Indus River waters below the Chashma Barrage. The gavial has become extinct in Pakistan. The Indus Crocodile (National Reptile of Pakistan) is found in small numbers in lower Sindh. Wild boar numbers have increased because of the immunity they enjoy in a Muslimsociety that forbids its consumption by humans.
      The animals found in the south-western mountains of Balochistan are: Sindh ibex, Chiltan markhor, straight horned markhor, wild sheep, leopard, marbled pole cat, Blandford's fox, chinkara, goitered gazelle and the marsh crocodile. Some cheetahs may still survive and like the Makran (baluchistan) bear, they are critically endangered. The Houbara bustard (migratory), sandgrouse, black and grey partridges, and the chakor and see see partridges are also found here.
      Irrigated forest plantations have emerged as the prevailing land use practice for the last 100 years. These ideally provide excellent habitat for chinkara, hog deer and blue bull. Forest management does not cater to the needs of these wild animals. This, coupled with the poor implementation of laws has resulted in the extinction of species in the irrigated plantations. Due to habitat disturbances, the ungulates have failed to establish themselves, whereas the partridges have flourished well.
      The striped hyena and the wolf are widely distributed in the sparsely populated parts of the country. However, information about them is scanty. Information about carnivores in general is difficult to obtain because of their nocturnal mode of life and high mobility. little is known of the black bear and brown bear populations.
      Birds of prey like the peregrine, cherrug or saker falcons, tawny eagle, imperial and greater spotted eagles, osprey, shikra, and the black-winged kite occur throughout Pakistan but their population statuses are unknown.
      Last edited by imranjaff; Jan 10th, 2009 at 10:47 PM.

    2. #2
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      Nov 20, 2005
      The Markhor (Capra falconeri) is a goat-antelope found in sparse woodland in the Western Himalayas.
      Markhor stand 65 to 115 centimetres (26 to 45 in) at the shoulder and weigh from 40 to 110 kilograms (88 to 240 lb). Females are tan in colour with a white underbelly and a pattern of black and white on the legs. Males have a lighter tan colour with the same white underbelly and pattern on the legs, as well as a black face and a large amount of long shaggy white fur on their neck and chest which can grow to knee-length. Both sexes have corkscrew-shaped horns which can grow up to 160 centimetres (63 in) long in males, and up to 25 centimetres (9.8 in) in females.
      Markhor are found at altitudes of 500 to 3,500 metres (1,600 to 11,000 ft) where they eat grass, leaves, and whatever other vegetative matter they can find, often standing on their hind legs to reach the top leaves of trees. Markhor are crepuscular, active in the early morning and late afternoon. Females gather in herds of up to nine individuals and males are normally solitary.
      During mating season, males fight each other for the attention of females. These fights involve lunging until the two males' horns are locked together, and then twisting and pushing until one male falls. Markhor sound much like the domestic goat.
      The animal is largely found in the Northern Areas of Pakistan especially in Chitral, Diamer and Astore regions and parts of Baltistan.
      The International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources has classified the Markhor as an endangered species, meaning it is in danger of facing extinction in the near future if conservation efforts are not maintained. Numbers between 2,000 and 4,000 exist in the wild. The Markhor is officially the National animal of Pakistan.

    3. #3
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      Nov 20, 2005

      Snow Leopard
      Snow leopards are smaller than the other big cats but like them, exhibit a range of sizes, generally weighing between 27 and 54 kg (60–120 lb). Body length ranges from 74–130 cm (39–51 in) with a tail of nearly the same length.[4]
      Snow leopards have long thick fur, the base color of which varies from smokey grey to yellowish tan, with whitish underparts. They have dark grey to black open rosettes on their body with small spots of the same colour on their heads and larger spots on their legs and tail.
      Snow leopards show several adaptations for living in cold mountainous environments. Their bodies are stocky, their fur is thick, and their ears are small and rounded, all of which help to minimise heat-loss. Their feet are wide, which distributes their weight better for walking on snow, and they have fur on their undersides to increase their traction on steep and unstable surfaces, as well as to assist with minimising heat-loss. Snow leopards' tails are long and flexible which help them to maintain their balance. The tails are also especially thickly covered with fur which, apart from minimising heat-loss, allows them to be used like a blanket to protect their faces when asleep

    4. #4
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      May 22, 2005
      good thread, natural resources and wilfe life, as a precious acquisition of any country. the people must value and preserve them, by not destroying the natural habitats and by learning something from the eco systems, therein.
      the only draw back is, the wild life being wild, it can lead to danger, if humans live too close to it. but, wild life should be sustained and govt must make laws, where people do not violate the natural existence of the wild life.
      Difference between God and humankind: God can say, 'be', and it becomes, but humankind has to act on what it says.

    5. #5
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      May 8, 2007
      England: The country where Pizza gets to your house quicker than the Police
      Tiger became extinct in what is now Pakistan around 1906 but some may have been reported until 1933. Tigers occured over much of Punjab, Sindh and lower NWFP.
      Rhino were found in Babur's time and recorded in the Peshawar valley and the Salt Range and probably over much of Sindh and Punjab. Must have become extinct in what is now Pakistan before the British arrived.
      Elephants never occured and I doubt Sloth bears did too.

      Lions became extinct in what is now Sindh in the early 1800's. These belong to the Asiatic Lion sub-species which was found from Turkey right across to India and also occured in Greece and neighbouring areas of Europe. These Lions are now found in the Gir Forest sanctuary in Gujarat India. They were recorded in Iran until the 1950s?

      the Asiatic Cheetah was once found from Turkey and Israel right across to India. Now it is only found within Iran and some have been recorded in Pakistan in the 1990s. Its status in Pakistan is now considered extinct and in Iran its under severe threat.

      Leopards, Snow Leopards, Wolves, Caracal, Lynx, 5/6 different species of smaller cats, 3 species of Fox, Hyaena, Honey Badger, Black Bear , Brown Bear are some of the predators found in Pakistan still but most are rare.

      There are 2 types of monkeys too.

      Pakistan has 2 species of Wild Ass/Donkey. The Kiang/Tibetan Wild Ass occurs in small numbers in the Shimshal Valley whilst the Onager occurs in the Rann of kutch bordering India. The Onager once occured over much of Balochistan, Sindh and Southern Punjab, southern NWFP but on last sighting just a pair were sighted in the Rann of Kutch in the last 7 years

      Deer species include the Hog Deer, Chitral, barking deer and Musk deer. Kashmir Stags occured in the Upper kkashmir and Kaghan valleys but now maybe extinct but numbers recovered in Indian Kashmir. Swamp Deer or Bharasingha once occured over Sindh and Punjab as far west as the Indus but due to habitat degredation and poaching its nwo confined to Central India. Sambar Deer occasionally cross over from India. Cheetal or Spotted Deer ocurs in Changa Manga.
      Sambar, Swamp Deer and Kashmir Stag are the largest deer species.

      Pakistan has 2 types of Gazelle. Chinkara which is found in some areas of Punjab, sind, balochistan and the Goitered Gazelle found only in Balochistan which may now be extinct too.
      Blackbuck is now extinct in the wild but once occured over much of sindh and punjab. Nilgai another antelope occurs in the Indian border regions but was once found as far west as the Indus.

      Markhor, Himalyan Ibex, Persian Wild Goat, Blue Sheep, Marco Polo Sheep, urial and Goral are some of the wild goats and wild sheep species each occuring in different mountainous regions starting from the sea cliffs of Mekran to the snow capped icey karakorum peaks.

      There are 2 types of crocodile. Muggers and Gharial were once found as far norh as Punjab. Muggers are now just found in Sindh, Balochistan whilst Gharials became extinct.

      There is a Blind Dolphin found in lower Punjab and Upper sindh as well as plenty of other dolphins and whales found off the coastline.

      There plenty of waterfowl, birds of prey , corvids, gulls, passerines, game birds, wading birds to name too but famous ones include Golden eagle, flamingo, peacock, Cranes, Bustards, Partiridges, Pheasants, peregrine falcons, Raven and many winter visitors.

      Check out this website www.wildlifeofpakistan.com

      and this flickr group which contains many photos of the wildlif eof pakistan mostly taken by pakistan-based photographers!

      Flickr: The Wildlife of Pakistan!

      You will see some suprises!

    6. #6
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      Apr 4, 2006
      Nice thread.

      There was this beautiful shiny purple bird used to visit our garden in Pakistan, I was looking for it's name and detail and luckily I found out that it's called Sunbird or Purple Sunbird.
      There's a complete list of birds of Pakistan on wikipedia, please have a look.

    7. #7

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      Sep 23, 2008
      True, life is wild in Pakistan.

    8. #8
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      May 8, 2007
      England: The country where Pizza gets to your house quicker than the Police
      its s Sunbird indeed. people think they are humming birds lol

      what do you all think of the flickr group wildlife of pakistan?

    9. #9
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      Apr 4, 2006
      Quote Originally Posted by thejoke View Post
      its s Sunbird indeed. people think they are humming birds lol

      what do you all think of the flickr group wildlife of pakistan?
      I'm speechless, beautiful pictures of amazing creatures.

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