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  • Results 1 to 5 of 5
    1. #1
      Ngise'Khaya
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      Join Date
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      i wasn't certain where else to open this thread. Has anyone here read any works by the famous poet, Maulana Hali, a student of Ghalib's? i don't know much about him or his works - why was he considered a controversial poet? And what was his professional relationship with Sir Syed? Did his controversy (assuming that it exists) have anything to do with his religious beliefs ?

      Maybe this is more appropriate in the Culture Forum; if so, i'm sorry. Mods please feel free to move it there. Just wondering if anyone here is familiar with this poet and could shed some light on his background/works/life, etc.

    2. #2
      KhamoshNigahein

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      An article about his life... Maybe it's useful for you


      Hali - a multi-faceted writer

      Maulana Hali's 87th death anniversary on Dec 31 demands a critical appraisal. His Musaddas-i-Islam has enveloped his personality with a halo which doesn't let his predominant literary contribution come to the fore. He was not only a great poet but the first high priest of Urdu criticism and a pioneer of Urdu biography.

      Born in 1837 in Panipat in an Ansar (of the Semitic origin) family he was married at the young age of 17. He migrated to Delhi and got a job of teaching Nawab Mustafa Khan Shaifta's children. After Shaifta's death he went to Lahore and joined the Punjab Book Depot where he corrected Urdu translations of English books. It was in Lahore that he, along with Maulana Muhammad Husain Azad, tried to introduce new canons of Western literature. He worked hard to propagate the cause of topical poems, exhorting his countrymen to give up traditional poetry which ran against the demands of time.

      Hali's Kulliyat has quite a good deal of the poetry he thought to be an impediment in the progress and rejuvenation of his community. It is sensuous and lyrical - a real precursor of Hasrat Mohani's poetry. If one wants to study the mainsprings of Hasrat Mohani's poetry one need not go anywhere else but to Hali and further still to the poets of the Rampur School. Now this part of his contribution came under fire and he himself being the iconoclast. He tried to popularize the new Nazm and succeeded in doing so. Musaddas-i-Islam, which Sir Syed thought as a poem that could guarantee him his salvation, got, perhaps, the best spokesman in Hali.

      But the lasting feather in Hali's cap is the Preface to his Kulliyat, better known as Muqadamah-i-Shair-o-Shairi. Perhaps there are two Muqadamas which don't require any suffix after them - one is the Muqadamah of Ibn-i-Khaldun and the other is that of Hali. If a well-read man is talking of Muqadamah, it could be safely concluded that it is one of the two Muqadamahs he may be referring to.

      Hali made a statement in this Muqadamah which his contemporary Marx also made in one of his literary writings. I am sure that Hali had no access to Marx. Even Sir Syed who fervently talks of Addison and Steele besides many English writers was not aware of Marx. Hali wrote in his Muqadamah that the basis of the power of imagination was materialistic. Not before long the progressives were emphasizing the same point basing their argument on the Marxist concept of art.

      Hali, thus, becomes the founder (Bawa Adam) of Urdu's progressive criticism - an accolade which is his right. No critic of Urdu whether Mumtaz Husain, Mujtaba Husain, Abdul Aleem Nami, Zoe Ansari, Ali Sardar Jafri or Ehtasham Husain has questioned Hali's pre-eminence as an Urdu critic. I was wonder struck when an Urdu critic, soon after the publication of Mumtaz Husain's book, Hali Ke Shairi Nazariat, had the audacity to say that Hali had been misquoted by some progressive critics. He thought that Muqadamah-i-Shair-o-Shairi didn't have any such statements. I wish he had gone through the Muqadamah a little before making this sweeping statement.

      Hali laid all the ailments of Urdu poetry at the doorstep of Ghazal. He thought that the condition of Radeef and Qafia robbed Ghazal of a genuine form of poetic expression. He went to the extent that poetry could be written without Radeef and Qafia. This was a radical departure 110-120 years before and Hali, thus, became a source of strength for the practitioners of prose-poem. He thought that even the blank verse - employed by Shakespeare so successfully in his dramas - could be far more authentic a form than the crippling format of Ghazal. Hali's stricture of Ghazal created a storm and many a book - for example Masood Hasan Rizvi Adeeb's Rooh-i-Shaeri was a disclaimer against Hali's views.

      His book Hayat-i-Saadi is Urdu's first biography and when we see a spate of biographies today it becomes all the more necessary to appreciate his efforts. The other important biography which would be fondly remembered as the best tribute to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan is Hayat-i-Jawaid. The only flaw which this biography should be known for is that its hero is flawless. Hali differed with Sir Syed on many issues. We know that he was not happy over Sir Syed's playing second fiddle to Theodore Beck, the principal of M.A.O. College.

      Some critics of Sir Syed, such as Maulana Imdadul Ali, Wajid Ali Khan, Ghulam Tapish and Maulana Ali Bakhsh Khan, went to the extent of using 'uncivilized language' for Sir Syed but Hali's Hayat-i-Jawaid steers clear of controversy. He didn't refer to an Azad Musalman's letter published in Mayo Gazette on Dec 25, 1972, in which it was claimed without any qualms of conscience that Sir Syed had embraced Christianity. To rub salt into the wound it was also said that it was a net gain to Christianity and also a big loss to Islam. This equation of gain and loss is not understandable but the detractor of Sir Syed conceded that the Christian Sir Syed had served Muslims to the best of his ability before embracing Christianity.

      Hali was a true friend of his community and India. In one of his rare letters addressed to Payare Lal Shakir Meeruti (Dated 18 June, 1913) he wrote that he regarded Hindus, Muslims and Christians of India as "real brothers" but he lamented at the same time that this was not possible within one hundred years.

      Maulana Hali came to Karachi in 1907 to attend the All India Muslim Educational Conference and his sympathies for the Muslims of Sindh have been expressed in a poem which is included in the collection of poems read at the Conference's annual meetings.


      Source: http://www.dawn.com/2001/12/27/fea.htm#2

    3. #3
      AQ
      AQ is offline
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      I have read Haali.. specially i am in love with "Musaddas-e-Haali"

      right now one shair that is coming in my mind from there is:

      Aye Khaasa-e-Khaasaan-e-Rusul :saw: ! Waqt-e-Dua hai
      Ummat pay teri aa kay ajab waqt paRRaa hai
      Quite often good things have hurtful consequences. There are instances of men who have been ruined by their money or KILLED by their COURAGE. ~Aristotle

    4. #4
      Ngise'Khaya
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      Join Date
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      KhamoshNigahein,

      Thank you so much

      i read that article previously, actually i printed it. i was hoping that someone would be able to fill in a few more gaps i had in my personal information of this poet. Thanks anyways though, that's very kind of you - really appreciate it.

      Anwaar Qureshi,

      That's one of my alltime favourite ones.

    5. #5
      KhamoshNigahein

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      Originally posted by Nadia_H:
      KhamoshNigahein,

      Thank you so much

      i read that article previously, actually i printed it. i was hoping that someone would be able to fill in a few more gaps i had in my personal information of this poet. Thanks anyways though, that's very kind of you - really appreciate it.
      You're welcome...

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