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  • Results 1 to 10 of 10
    1. #1
      Senior Member

      Join Date
      Jul 14, 2000
      relocation, relocation
      To Pakistanis, Muhammad Ali Jinnah is revered, known as Quaid-e-Azam, or 'Great Leader.' He is their George Washington, their de Gaulle, their Churchill.

      A brilliant lawyer by trade, he rose to the forefront of the struggle for a Muslim nation as India negotiated its independence from Britain.

      But his insistence on a separate Muslim state to be carved out of the former British India earned him many enemies.

      Indeed, the last viceroy of India under British rule, Lord Mountbatten thwarted by Jinnah's relentless call for partition plans of the future states of India and Pakistan referred to him variously as a 'lunatic', and 'evil genius,' .

      Today, many in the West view Jinnah through the eyes of Richard Attenborough's movie 'Gandhi,' in which the Muslim leader was portrayed as a cold villain who wanted a separate Pakistan only for his own political agg*****zement.

      In truth, Jinnah was a complex man who by his eloquence and perseverance inspired both adulation and condemnation.

      Born in 25th December 1876 at Vazeer Mansion Karachi, he was the first of seven children of Jinnahbhai, a prosperous merchant. After being taught at home, Jinnah was sent to the Sindh Madrasasah High School in 1887.

      Jinnah studied law in England, and after his return to India in 1896 as an advocate for the Bombay High Court, the slender, well-dressed and well-spoken attorney quickly made a name for himself.

      According to one contemporary, quoted in a Time Magazine profile, Jinnah was "the best showman of them all. Quick, exceedingly clever, sarcastic and colorful. His greatest delight was to confound the opposing lawyer by confidential asides and to outwit the presiding judge in repartee." He crossed swords with at least as many great British-born as Indian barristers, defeating them all in his single minded pleas for Pakistan. He burned out his life pressing a single suit, yet by winning his biggest case he changed the map of South Asia and altered the course of history.

      In 1906, Jinnah joined the All India Congress. In 1913, while still serving in the Congress, he joined the Muslim League, prompting a leading Congress spokesman of the day to call him the "ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity." With time, that would change.

      Early in his political career, Jinnah was chiefly concerned with achieving independence for a unified India. Increasingly, however, he worried that British oppression would be replaced by Hindu oppression and continued subjugation of India's Muslim minority.

      In 1919, Jinnah resigned from the Congress and turned his focus to Muslim interests. Over the next two decades he would become the architect of a dream first voiced by Muslim poet-philosopher Muhammad Iqbal that Indian Muslims would someday have their own nation.

      By the late 1930s, Jinnah, who had become leader of the Muslim League, was convinced that a partition of India along religious lines was the only way to preserve Muslim political power.

      In 1940, the Muslim League adopted the 'Lahore Resolution' calling for separate autonomous states in majority-Muslim areas of northeastern and eastern India.

      In 1946, violence between Hindus and Muslims broke out after Jinnah called for demonstrations opposing an interim Indian government in which Muslim power would be compromised.

      Against the rising tide of ethnic unrest and the rejection of the British Cabinet mission compromise by Nehru and the Congress Party, Jinnah demanded partition of India. Britain, eager to make a clean break with India, finally relented and Pakistan was born.

      Jinnah, who by most accounts was not a particularly religious man, called for equal rights for all Pakistani citizens without regard to their religion.

      Pakistan is formed http://www.harappa.com/wall/pakistan.html

      Jinnah speaks: http://www.harappa.com/wall/jinnah.html

      In his inaugural speech as first governor general of Pakistan, Jinnah said:

      'You will find that in the course of time, Hindus would cease to be Hindus and Muslims would cease to be Muslims, not in the religious sense because that is the personal faith of each individual, but in the political sense as citizens of the state."

      But Jinnah would not live to see the development of his fledging country. He died on 11th of September, 1948 in Karachi of tuberculosis just 13 months after the formation of Pakistan. His vision of a secular government was never fully realized, either, with disputes between religious groups marring much of Pakistan's brief history. And later, many of his followers disputed the degree to which he was committed to a secular government.

      However history may judge him, his own contribution to history cannot be doubted. As his biographer, Stanley Wolpert, wrote:

      'Few individuals significantly alter the course of history. Fewer still modify the map of the world. Hardly anyone can be credited with creating a nation-state. Mohammad Ali Jinnah did all three.'

    2. #2
      Senior Member

      Join Date
      Jul 14, 2000
      relocation, relocation
      'U' for Unity

      Col (Retd) Riaz Jafri
      It was April 1948 that the Quaid-e-Azam accompanied by Miss Fatimah Jinnah came to Edwardes College Peshawar. I was 17 then and am 73 now, but I remember vividly each and every moment of this historic visit.

      Our Principal, Mr A.M. Dalaya, had requested the Quaid, then head of state, to address the students and staff of the college, which he had graciously accepted. It was an afternoon function out in the open in the college hockey ground which was between the Science Block and the college hostel.

      All the students, around 350, meticulously dressed in green college blazer and striped ties were seated on the chairs under the shamiana. A stage had been set on a raised platform under a canopy with chairs for the college staff, Miss Fatimah Jinnah and the NWFP Chief Minister Khan Abdul Qayoom Khan. Professor Imdad Hussain was in attendance to Quaid and Miss Jinnah. Captain (retd) David, the PTI, was the overall in-charge of the arrangements.

      There were no fanfares, no pompous ceremonies, no bureaucrats around, only the Chief Minister and the students and staff of Edwardes College. Not even official photographers or cameramen. It was an exclusive function for us only. Mr. Dalaya had taken good care of even the smallest detail and ensured orderliness and clock-like precision of all matters, which was to the liking of the Quaid.

      In his brief and to-the-point address of welcome, the Principal did not ask for any funds or grant, which used to be and probably still is the norm on such occasions. He instead thankfully mentioned the Chief Minister saying that he took care of college's such monetary needs.
      The Quaid moved majestically to the rostrum to deliver his speech. He looked visibly pleased with the arrangements around, the display of discipline by the students and the general atmosphere of great orderliness. He thanked the Principal for his welcome address and appreciated his gesture of not burdening the economy of a newly born state by requesting a grant. And then, the Quaid looking at Khan Abdul Qayoom Khan jokingly expanded his both arms around his waist mimicking the Khan's plump belly and said smilingly, "You say that Khan takes care of your monetary needs, but I am sure it will be very rare in his case." Every one present laughed, albeit decently. Those who had heard the Quaid before said it was the first time he had made a joke in public and that too on stage.

      The Quaid spoke for about 25 minutes. He dwelt mainly on the role of the youth and the nation's expectations of it in a newly born state. He advised us to gird up our loins and set about making Pakistan worthy of its name. There was a pindrop silence throughout his speech. This caught up his attention too and he appreciatively remarked, "Churchill said that 'V' stands for victory", and he made a V with his two fingers.
      "But I must say that 'U' stands for Unity" and made a U with the thumb and index finger of his right hand. While saying "U stands for Unity," the Quaid was continually pointing the 'U' made by his fingers at the students and moving his arm from side to side to cover the entire assemblage. This 'U stands for Unity' resounds even today in my ears, but alas did we ever stand for it ?

      On this 126th birthday of the Quaid-e-Azam, allow me to make an appeal to all, particularly the youth of the nation, to revive this 'U stand for Unity' by greeting each other from now on with making a U with our thumb and index finger and pointing it at each other, the way the great Quaid did in April 1948. Let's greet each other from here onwards on every occasion warranting display of patriotism, unity, jubilation or a personal victory with a raised U, the way others do in the world by making a V with their fingers. It will remind us of the Unity that we owe to the Quaid-e-Azam.

    3. #3
      Senior Member

      Join Date
      Jul 21, 2003
      Thank you Zakk for sharing a good article. Jinnah was really an extraordinary personality, I read somewhere that Jinnah was the most expensive lawyer of the whole british empire. Is it true? Do you've some informations about it?

    4. #4

      Join Date
      Dec 20, 2002
      Originally posted by Zakk:
      After being taught at home, Jinnah was sent to the Sindh Madrasasah High School in 1887.

      He did very well for someone educated at a Madrasah.

      I agree, from all acounts I have read, he was an extraordinary personality. I visited the 'Jinnah House' in London a few years ago with my Pakistani neighbour. They held some great Mushaira's there. Do they still have them there on 25th December?

    5. #5

      Join Date
      Apr 26, 2002
      Originally posted by Gupta:


      He did very well for someone educated at a Madrasah.
      You probably have a very wrong idea of a madrassah

    6. #6

      Join Date
      Nov 20, 1999

      Obituary-The Times

      Mr. Jinnah was something more than Quaid-i-Azam, supreme head of the State, to the people who followed him; he was more even than the architect of the Islamic nation he personally called into being. He commanded their imagination as well as their confidence. In the face of difficulties which might have overwhelmed him, it was given to him to fulfil the hope foreshadowed in the inspired vision of the great Iqbal by creating for the Muslims of India a homeland where the old glory of Islam could grow afresh into a modern state, worthy of its place in the community of nations. Few statesmen have shaped events to their policy more surely than Mr. Jinnah. He was a legend even in his lifetime.

      Editorial: The Times (London)
      13 September 1948

    7. #7

      Join Date
      Nov 29, 2003

    8. #8
      Senior Member

      Join Date
      Jun 19, 2000
      The founder of our nation, God rest his soul.


    9. #9

      Join Date
      Nov 29, 2003
      my idol and should b of every Pakistani i think

    10. #10
      Senior Member

      Join Date
      Dec 23, 2003
      Happy Birthday Mr Qaed e Azam Mashar.

      the founder of our Pakistan.......ohh i love him.......
      .:: Aryan = Afghan = Pashtun - : PriDe ::.

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